COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ASSOCIATION AGREEMENTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: EXPERIENCE FOR UKRAINE
by Oksana HOLOVKO-HAVRYSHEVA, Mykhailo MYKIEVYCH (2021)
Legal frameworks of EU’s interactions with neighboring countries is treaty-based. The types of agreements concluded between the EU and ENP countries differ as to their purpose, scope and objectives of cooperation. This contribution aims to compare the practices of implementation of the Association Agreements (hereafter - AA) signed between the EU the countries of Central and Eastern Europe with particular focus on the experiences in Poland, Lithuania, Romania, Croatia and Ukraine, who developed their own doctrinal and practical approaches towards fulfilment of the AA obligations. The main research hypothesis is that the efficiency of the AA implementation in Central and Eastern European countries depends on the domestic practices of implementation of international law, deployed in these countries. Following from the hypothesis the research questions are: what are the constitutional and statutory provisions in Poland, Lithuania, Romania, Croatia and Ukraine, on which implementation of the international legal norms is based, and how these countries implemented or are currently implementing the AAs. This contribution is based on the desk-top research of the available legislative framework of the implementation of the AAs in these countries.
Keywords: association agreements, СEE countries, implementation of international law, Poland, Romania, Lithuania, Croatia, Ukraine
LEGAL REGULATIONS OF THE CONSUMER PROTECTION IN UKRAINE WITH REGARD TO UKRAINE’S OBLIGATION OF ADAPTATION TO THE EU LEGISLATION
by Oksana HOLOVKO-HAVRYSHEVA (2020)
Abstract. Since 2014 Ukraine has been implementing the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement in its domestic legal system and facing a lot of challenges introducing European rules and practices into the country’s daily life. The area of consumer protection is one of the most challenging fields due to the cross-cutting nature of consumer protection and its high relevance for all stakeholders: the state, businesses, and consumers. Reforming the Ukrainian consumer protection system and policy is one of the key tasks for the Government of Ukraine. These changes will affect almost the entire population of the country, but – as presented in this article analysis demonstrates – the progress in adjusting Ukrainian legislation in this field to the level needed to correspond to the European standards is moving rather slowly. The author concludes that a comprehensive and well-balanced consumer protection policy model instead of constant amendments to the consumer rights legislation needs to be developed in Ukraine with the proper consideration of the interests of businesses, the state and, first of all, the consumers. Amending the consumer rights legislation does not mean automatically the improvement of the consumer protection level in the country, especially in the situation, when the efficiency of the developed remedies and protection mechanisms depends on wider reforms in judiciary and executive branches in the state.
Keywords: consumer protection policy, consumer rights, Ukrainian consumer protection legislation, EU–Ukraine Association Agreement, EU legislation, Ukraine
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EU HORIZONTAL POLICIES IN UKRAINE IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE EU-UKRAINE ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT
by Oksana KRAYEVSKA (2020)
Abstract. The EU Horizontal Policies and their impact on the relations with third countries have been investigated based on the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. The essence and role of the EU common policies and the place of horizontal policies within their structure are analysed here. Special attention is paid to the EU-Ukraine cooperation in the framework of the Association Agreement and responsibilities of Ukraine in the process of the law approximation and policy implementation followed by analyses of the achievements, challenges, and further perspectives for their bilateral cooperation in the conclusion.
Keywords: EU Common Policies, EU Horizontal Policies, EU Regional Policy, EU Social Policy, EU Tax Policy, EU Competition Policy, EU Environmental Policy, the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement
EUROPEAN STUDIES IN UKRAINE: MAJOR TRENDS AND PATTERNS
by Roman KALYTCHAK (2021)
Abstract. Ukrainian scholarship on the European Union has undergone substantial changes over the last decades and requires a thorough examination of its different aspects. Based on the analysis of dissertation production on the EU-related topics, the purpose of this study is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how the field of European studies advanced in Ukraine, expanded in response to domestic needs or external events and evolved in terms of its key topics and dominant disciplines.
Key words: European Studies, Sociology of Knowledge, Dissertations, Ukraine, European Union
INTRODUCTION OF THE ACCUMULATIVE COMPONENT INTO THE PENSION SYSTEM OF UKRAINE: ASSESSING OF EUROPEAN PRACTICES
by Vasyl ZELENKO (2020)
Abstract. In this article, the problems of functioning of accumulative pension systems in the EU countries and Ukraine are investigated. The EU countries are characterised by the presence of developed multi-tier pension systems, which significantly vary in different parameters. The common problem for the EU and Ukraine is depopulation, which creates crises in solidarity pension systems. It caused the necessity of pension reforms in many European countries to implement the accumulative components. The European Commission has established unified approaches towards the assessment of pension systems in the EU. While introducing the accumulative pension system, Ukraine intends to apply the best European experience in the pension sector.
Keywords: pension system, pension reform, retirement age, EU countries, Ukraine, insurance period, solidarity system, accumulative system, professional schemes
Disclaimer: These contributions are prepared in the framework of the realization of the Jean Monnet project under the Erasmus+ programme 99469-EPP-1-2018-1-UA-EPPJMO-СоЕ Western Ukrainian Research Center in European Studies (Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence). The sole responsibility of these publications lies with the authors. The European Union is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.